Saturday, January 18, 2020


I remember watching Saturday morning cartoons, and I recall when one character wanted to pull a fast one on another, they would take a detour sign that was meant to keep people off a closed road that ended abruptly at a cliff face and turn it away from the safe road towards this danger.

Satan does this same thing; the LORD intends for us to walk the "old paths" (JERE 6:16) - the safe paths of blessing and safety by following Him and His truth, wisdom and grace, but the devil will do all he can to detour us away from these pathways of peace and life (PSALM 16:11), these roads of righteousness; to lead us away from them and into peril and ruin instead.

And he is very subtle about his methods, using all of his wiles and craftiness to dissuade us from the LORD and His ways and bring us to danger and destruction. So what are some of these detours?

What about the detour of doubt? As in doubting GOD's Word; of doubting GOD's heart? The enemy will feed us lies and starve us of truth; and a lie can be as powerful as the truth, IF it is believed!

When the devil confronted Eve and tempted her to partake of the forbidden fruit, she examined this fruit up close and saw that it was good, pleasant to the eyes (GEN 3:6) but that the other fruit wasn't all that different from the other trees which also were pleasant to the eyes and good for food (GEN 2:9). To a rational mind, why should the fruit of this one tree be any different than the fruit from all the other trees? That tiny seed of doubt never stays tiny. If given the fertile soil of suspicion, questioning the integrity of GOD's truth, it will grow and blossom and bear baneful fruit! This devilish detour wrought the destruction of the entire human race, leading us all as a species into perdition.
Why would we doubt the One Person in or out of this universe Who is the very embodiment of truth? This One, the LORD God, that is actually incapable of telling a lie?
DEUT 32:4He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.
PSALM 31:4-6 4 Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me: for thou art my strength. 5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth. 6 I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I trust in the Lord.
JAMES 1:17Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
And rather believe the whisperings of the devil who is a murderer and the father of lies?!
JOHN 8:44Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Doubt can derail our walk of faith faster than anything, because our faith is based solely on truth - not our feelings, ideas, beliefs or circumstances all of these things can fail us, but the truth of GOD endures forever (PSALM 100:5) and if we doubt the truth of GOD, there is no other recourse for our faith! If we have truth as the foundation of our faith then everything can fail us, but we will remain standing strong because of our trust in GOD's Word!
PSALM 18:30As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the Lord is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.
PSALM 56:4In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me.
PROV 3:5Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.
PROV 30:5
Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
Saturating our lives with all of the truth of GOD's Word, and applying it to our daily living is the sure way to be inoculated from iniquity and doubt and disbelief (PSALM 119:11). We need not fear being detoured by the devil if we do this!

And the detour of distraction, where our lives get so busy and cluttered that we forget to focus on the LORD and get caught, snared in these nets that hinder us (2 TIM 2:26) from moving forward in GOD's direction for our lives?

I find it ironic, what with all of our modern appliances like washing machines, dishwashers and other automated devices that save us time, we as a society are so driven, so fast-paced, so chronically short on time, that we seldom find time for sitting quietly and reverently with the LORD in worship and prayer. We have so many things that holler for our attention, and while we have every intention of making time for the LORD, those niggling, whispery thoughts plague us, detouring us from a whole-hearted focus on the LORD, His heart, His Word for us. 

I love the old expression by S.D. Gordon:

“You can do more than pray after you have prayed but you cannot do more than pray until you have prayed.”
 "Neglect of private prayer is the locust that devours the strength of the church" ~ Charles Spurgeon
And here is one that is anonymous:
"If you only pray when you're in trouble, then you're in trouble!"
The devil wants our lives to be unfruitful, unproductive in any endeavor we might engage in for the purpose of furthering the kingdom of GOD. He understands that to obtain that objective, he must keep us distracted, on the go, always moving, seldom or better yet, never thinking, much less meditating on the LORD and His Word, on spending that hour in prayer, of communing with the LORD on a daily basis. He wants us involved in practices and time-consuming hobbies and activities that will yield nothing for the Kingdom and receive no commendation from our LORD. Saints, may we pray for some blessed pruning and see what needs to be cut out of our lives, so that we may focus better on those things that count for eternity!

Saints, we cannot hope to accomplish any more for GOD's Kingdom if we don't spend crucial time with the King than the disciples could feed the multitudes if they first didn't spend that necessary time in bringing the meager provision of bread and fish, and then receiving from Him those miraculously multiplying materials of meal to feed those thousands of hungry people!

Martha is a prime example of a distracted disciple, who for all her concerns in ministry, preparing a meal for the LORD, was missing out on "that better part" that her sister Mary was partaking of: sitting at the feet of Jesus and learning of Him (LUKE 10:40-42)! It's a spiritual truth that the LORD's work in our hearts and lives is more important than any work we might seek to accomplish in His name; in fact it's not until He has affected our hearts, as we abide in Him (JOHN 15:1-5), that we can even work any good works He has ordained for us with any measure of blessing and success (EPH 2:10)! 
Yes, even ministry can be a distraction if this, rather than the LORD Himself is our focus!

As pastor Sonny of our fellowship The ETERNAL LIVING WORD Church has been fond of saying, "Let us be intentional about the time we spend with the LORD" - make it a point, to make appointments with the LORD, and keep them (and don't keep the Holy Ghost waiting)!

Speaking of Sonny Islas, here is a great 7 Part series he taught that we all need to heed:

HINDERED PRAYER (the obstacles that will hinder our prayers being heard and answered)

What about worry and fear? Did you know that the old English meaning of 'worry' was to torture? The enemy wants us traveling the tour of torture, rather than abiding in the peace that GOD provides for us.

Though we don't mean to, when we worry, what we are saying is that our trust in the LORD is not complete, not fulsome, not wholly surrendered in sweet abandon, and again, this stems from doubt in the LORD and His Word. Worry is a sin, because it's the emotional expression of disbelief. 
No doubt, the father of the demoniac son was extremely worried over the lad and when he brought him to the disciples, they could do nothing for them. IT was then that the LORD came down from that mountain of transfiguration where Peter, James and John witnessed Him in His glory.
When the LORD learned that the disciples were unable to cast out the demon, He became frustrated at their doubts. He then inquired of the father about this poor, possessed young man and it's then that the father expressed his own doubts in that tiny little word: "if":

MARK 9:22
22 And ofttimes it hath cast him into the fire, and into the waters, to destroy him: but if thou canst do any thing, have compassion on us, and help us

To which the LORD responded with an "if" of His own:

MARK 9:23
23 Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth.

And notice what this distraught father said in return:

MARK 9:24
24 And straightway the father of the child cried out, and said with tears, Lord, I believe; help thou mine unbelief

That this father confessed his unbelief would cause some to think there was nothing that the LORD could do for him, but that's not what we see here. Though the father is worried, though he is fearful concerning the welfare of his tortured son, he does have a measure of faith, perhaps such small amount as a mustard seed. Yet even that little amount of faith, in our Almighty GOD, is enough to move mountains (MATT 17:20)! See here, that it's not our faith, but Who is it we place our faith in, that get's things done.

And the LORD's actions after the father pleads with Him is most telling: He casts out this demon that has caused the poor lad to be both deaf and mute (a condition that the Jewish exorcists could not cure, for in order to exorcise demons, they would demand the spirit to name themselves, and then command them by name to come out. A demon that caused people to be mute couldn't obviously speak the name of the demon controlling them. It was understood that the Messiah would be able to cast out such demons as this and would be a sign that He is the Son of David, the true Messiah; see ISAIAH 35:5-7; MATT 12:22-24). But suddenly the young man falls down, as if dead! This is the moment of truth, the tipping point where this man's faith would either victor or be vanquished! Then the LORD, with His holy hand, takes hold of the lad, lifts him up, and he is liberated by the unholy and oppressive slavery to Satan!

As we grow in our relationship with the LORD, and understand to greater and deeper depths His love and His power, we will come to fear less, and become fearless no matter what life may throw at us (with the understanding that any hardships, trials, struggles, temptations that come our way must first cross the LORD's desk where He will stamp 'approved' if it's something He ordains for our lives, that will lead, if we yield to Him, to purification, to greater insights into the LORD's character, and experience that will lend hope sufficient for further trials down the road of life as well as reveal His great love for us!).

1 JOHN 4:18
There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love

There is nothing so brave as a trusting, loving heart for the LORD that declares "No matter what happens LORD, I will trust You, I will love You, because of Your love and care for me!"

JOB 13:15
Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before him

There is the detour of discouragement - and in these days, with all that's going on, not just in the world, but even in the church, where we see little if any genuine interest in growing in our knowledge of the LORD and His grace and truth.

We can sometimes in our efforts to declare truth to this Christ-rejecting world, or encourage saints in the church to holiness and truth find an apathy or even ridicule from either that leads us to surrender, to discouragement and feelings of futility. I recently had a blessed phone conversation with a beloved brother and we talked about this very issue. And it's one thing to find darkness in the world, but in the church of the LORD Jesus Christ, Who Himself declared that we are "the light of the world" (MATT 5:14)!? We see such darkness in the perilous provision of false doctrines, promoted by authors on 'Christian' best-seller lists. Such books as The Harbinger by Jonathan Cahn, the Circle Maker by Mark Batterson, The Secret by Rhonda Byrne, Your Best Life Now by Joel Osteen, Box of  Butterflies by Roma Downey, The Shack by William P. Young and too, too many others that are flooding the church!

The bizarre practices and beliefs of such 'churches' as Bethel Fellowship and the ministry of IHOP. And rather than fizzling out and disappearing, these doctrinally flawed fellowships are becoming models for other churches to follow - straight into perdition!
For more on this, check out these Facebook videos and articles that expose false teachers by name:


We see such things as women boldly and proudly shouting out their abortions while barrels full of babies overflow with condemning carnage; Satanic statues and churches are springing up across the nations; legitimization of 'Christian witches' and story time by cross-dressing transgenders and pedophiles making inch by inch headway in being accepted by our American society as a perfectly normal 'expression of beliefs and love.

It's more than evident that iniquity ("lawlessness" as in rebellion against the truth of GOD) is flourishing and acceptance of truth as even a concept is being ridiculed, how much more the very truth of GOD's Word!

Obviously such lawlessness tends to bring the love that professors of faith to cool (MATT 24:12) and lose the zeal and fervency that is the birth right of every born again believer in Christ! For more on this check out this article: Are You On F.I.R.E. for the LORD?

This is why we must seek godly fellowship among the saints!

HEBREWS 10:22-25
22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) 24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: 25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

There needs to be some holy, righteous "provoking" among the saints - to love the LORD, to love one another and encourage each other towards a yielded and trusting heart in allowing Him to work those "good works" in us that He desires to see come to fruition in our lives. We are called to "exhort one another" as we see the Day of our Homecoming approaching; and I'll tell you saints something: 

The devil ALSO SEES THIS DAY APPROACHING and desires to detour as many of us away from the LORD's will as he possibly can. For if we are centered solely on the LORD, without doubts, without distractions, without worry and fear, without discouragement, then we will be most effective in working in His kingdom and deliver lost souls from the kingdom of darkness and into the Kingdom of GOD's dear Son (COL 1:13)! 
Satan understands that he is in the end game, and I believe he knows his ultimate effort in this war has been utterly lost at the Cross of Christ (COL 2:15)! But that he desires to hurt GOD's heart the deepest way that he knows how, by deceiving souls and ensure their damnation - these souls He bled for, and to compromise Christ's disciples by indulging in carnal living as a result of following these devilish detours!

There is only one path to life, the LORD Jesus Christ, and yet there are multitudes of wayfaring ways that lead to wickedness - and it's all too easy for the undiscerning and the careless to lose their way and at times, finding the way back can be an even greater challenge!

May we determine in our hearts beloved, that no matter what may assail us, in any attempt by the enemy to detour us by these and other many othermethods, we will love the LORD, we will serve Him and His saints and we shall remain, by the grace of GOD, faithful on the road of HIS Righteousness, to stay the course and allow no deviations by the devil! We don't want to receive a rebuke from the LORD, but commendation for being a faithful servant; let us learn the lesson of wayward Israel that the LORD had to rebuke, because they failed to stay on the "old path of righteousness"!

JEREMIAH 6:11-19
11 Therefore I am full of the fury of the Lord; I am weary with holding in: I will pour it out upon the children abroad, and upon the assembly of young men together: for even the husband with the wife shall be taken, the aged with him that is full of days. 12 And their houses shall be turned unto others, with their fields and wives together: for I will stretch out my hand upon the inhabitants of the land, saith the Lord. 13 For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one is given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. 14 They have healed also the hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when there is no peace.

15 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time that I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the Lord. 16 Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein. 17 Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken. 18 Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, O congregation, what is among them. 19 Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it.


Yours in the battle,

brother James

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

JEWELS From The GOSPEL of JOHN: The WORD Revealing the WORD - JOHN 5:38-39

The following is a series of short exhortations, brief commentary and writings to convey thoughtful meditation on God's Word. 

I have chosen the Gospel of John as the subject.  I pray that these will be a blessing and an edification for the saints.

JOHN 5:38-39
38 And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not. 39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

The LORD GOD didn't settle for a general revelation of Himself to His creatures; specifically to those of us of the human (not angelic) race. The general revelation consists of what we know of GOD by His creation: that He is a GOD of absolute order, of wondrous beauty, of staggering detail, a GOD of incontestable power. General revelation also included the mind of man, in that He has granted us a conscience whereby we know good from evil. We are beings who, unlike the animals are self-aware so that we ask certain questions: Why am I here? What is my purpose? Will my life end at my physical death or is there something beyond death?

No, the LORD was not content to reveal Himself merely with general revelation; He brought to us His special revelation whereby He intentionally and specifically revealed Himself through the prophets in the various Scripture that we have in its entirety today. 

These 66 books (or 70 books, if you count each of the books of Psalms separately) have been penned by prophets and apostles over thousands of years, from various professions and stations in life, from three different continents, in different languages - and most of them never had contact with any of the others - and yet when one considers the book of the Bible as a whole, giving due consideration to the many dispensations throughout, it flows like a fluent river of truth!
On an aside, there are many that assert that there are 'lost books' of the Bible that were uncovered in the 2nd and 3rd centuries, such as the Gospel of Barnabas, the Book of Ezdras, the Book of Enoch, that should be included as inspired writings; however there are justified reasons why these and many other books are excluded from Holy Writ and that has to do with the measure of canon. Some mistakenly believed that the different councils held in history decided for themselves what should be put in the Bible and what should not, but the councils that really mattered did no such thing: they merely recognized the tell-tale signs of what was truly inspired and what was not. So, what were those tell tale signs you might ask? For those interested, you can check out this three part series from The TRUTH Under FIRE: The CANON of SCRIPTURE - Part One; Part Two, Part Three. 
Meanwhile let's proceed:

The LORD Jesus blatantly pointed out that the religious leaders of His day had not the Word of GOD abiding in them, and what did He have for evidence? Remember that these were for the most part Pharisees, and lawyers and such, who had vast volumes of Scripture memorized, especially the books of Moses! How could the LORD say that they didn't have the Word of GOD abiding in them?!

Yet that is what He plainly declares! Proof positive that religion of itself can do nothing to transform wretched sinners into righteous saints! Religion is a false, man-centered artificial form of righteousness, a plastic, cheap imitation of 'the real deal' which is provided by GOD Himself. Religion can only change at best the external aspects of man, and do nothing to change the internal. It's like dressing a dog up in a pig suit and expecting the dog to start oinking!

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness

While they could quote 'chapter and verse' metaphorically speaking (in those days Bibles didn't have chapters or verses), the very Spirit of truth that inspired those writings was not present with these religious leaders. They thought that in reading, memorizing, and performing the outward acts of Scripture, adhering to the letter of the Law, but nothing of the Spirit, that they had "eternal life" (vs. 39) And how do we know that?

The Holy Spirit testifies of Who? Right! The LORD Jesus Christ (JOHN 15:26) but not only did they not believe on the LORD Jesus, they were guilty of sin because of this (JOHN 15:20-25) intent on destroying Him (MATT 12:14)!

We can tell who truly has the Word abiding in them, depending on what their view of Jesus is for one (Is He LORD? Is He Savior? Is He fully GOD and fully man [what's referred to as the hypostatic union]? Is He the Head of the Church and also the Messiah-King of the future kingdom of Israel?) and what sort of fruit is being produced in their lives (are they growing in Christ-like character, in godliness, in the fruit of the Spirit?).

Not only did the Pharisees and religious leaders reject the LORD Jesus as the Messiah, but rather condemned Him for 'blasphemy against GOD' but their character was one of hypocrisy, covetousness and pride (See MATTHEW 23 and you have an apt description by GOD Himself of what these religious leaders were like!).

Conversely, those who do have the Word of GOD abiding in them - who rightly perceive the Person of Jesus for Who He is, and who have evidence of GOD's salvation at work in their lives by His sanctification process* - these may rejoice that the WORD has indeed revealed the Word to them, and that His special revelation is open to their eyes (LUKE 24:45; EPH 1:18), receptive to their hearts and minds and effective in transforming them more and more into the likeness of Jesus Christ our LORD (1 THESS 2:13; 1 JOHN 2:27).
* It must be stressed that the justification of sinners through Christ is wholly based upon the Person of Christ and His finished work on the cross. There is no need, or room for that matter for man to add his paltry and pathetic rags of self-righteousness (ISAIAH 64:6) to this finished work! To attempt to do so is blasphemy because such a one is equating his own contribution on par and equitable to the very righteousness of Christ. Yet the fact that we are sinners, condemned by the Holy Law of GOD proves that such is an impossibility (ROM 3:19)! Once a soul is saved, indwelt by the Spirit of GOD, and has the WORD of GOD's Holy Scripture activating their new nature to produce fruit of the Spirit - this is not to provide salvation, but something produced as a result of genuine repentance and justification.
Let us rejoice saints, that we have received what is, bar none, the greatest treasure trove of truth, indeed, the exclusive truth source found anywhere in any book, in any of the multitudinous libraries the world over - contained within the binding of the Holy Bible; GOD's special revelation given to us who love Him and have His Word abiding in us!

This Christmas season, let us not forget, while opening up this present and that, from those who love us, to also open the GIFT of GOD that keeps giving, and reveals the heart of the One Who gave it to us: our Heavenly Father that granted to us, His Holy Bible that has on every page the portrait of JESUS CHRIST our LORD!

PSALM 40:6-8 
6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required. 7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, 8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

Remember the old adage:
"This Book will keep you from sin, or sin will keep you from this Book!"

Next time we'll be looking at JOHN 5:40-43No Love Life.

Sunday, November 24, 2019


The following is a series of short exhortations, brief commentary and writings to convey thoughtful meditation on God's Word. 

I have chosen the Gospel of John as the subject.  I pray that these will be a blessing and an edification for the saints.

JOHN 5:34-36 
34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved. 35 He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light. 36 But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me.

Sunday, October 27, 2019


We all have friends, and among them, our best friends, and some of us even have BFF’s! What’s the difference between these three groups?
It’s our level of intimacy, right? With our casual friends, we have a minimum of intimacy; with our good friends, a greater degree of intimacy; with our best friends, the deepest level of intimacy. It’s been said that a good friend will know the names of your parents, but a best friend will know their phone number! 

The greatest intimacy that we as human beings can experience with another human being is in the marital relationship of husband and wife. But there is a greater intimacy to discover even than this! An intimacy with our Creator GOD, our heavenly Father!

Sunday, September 1, 2019


The following is a series of short exhortations, brief commentary and writings to convey thoughtful meditation on God's Word. 

I have chosen the Gospel of John as the subject.  I pray that these will be a blessing and an edification for the saints.

JOHN 5:31-34,36-37  
31 If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true. 32 There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true. 33 Ye sent unto John, and he bare witness unto the truth. 34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved. But I have greater witness than that of John: for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me. 37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape.

Sunday, July 21, 2019


 Poll: How many perfect people do we have here tonight? Just checking - - we are all flawed, and are we not prone to making errors and bad judgment calls every so often? We can all stumble and need a helping hand back up. We can sometimes stray off from the way GOD has for us and need a course correction.
So, we all need help from time to time in getting something corrected.
When it comes to the spiritually mature, the elders of the church, bringing correction to a member of the church, it’s done acceptably only in meekness as proper conduct and with the goal of restoration:

1 Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual*, restore such a one in the spirit of meekness; considering thyself, lest thou also be tempted. 2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. But let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another. For every man shall bear his own burden
* This would include those known as overseers (ACTS 20:28) 

17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.

Meekness is not weakness; the LORD Jesus Christ, GOD the Son made flesh lived His entire life in meekness. Meekness is power, authority and strength under control. That’s Jesus! 

In verse 3, what is described here is pride = P.R.I D.E. or Personal Rebellion, I Desire Evil. Any time we are tempted to sin, and we fall into it, it is because we want that pleasure, that gratification, even if it's displeasing to GOD - it doesn't matter to our flesh, we want it regardless. That is pride.

Saturday, July 13, 2019


11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; 12 For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

The foundation of the Cornerstone, Christ Jesus has been established (EPH 2:20) and upon Him the apostles and prophets. As with any foundation, once its built, there is no need to create another foundation - only one is necessary. So these apostles and prophets, having completed their ministry of building the church and through the Holy Spirit, writing the inspired Scriptures for us, the church is then handed over to evangelists, pastors and teachers.